Managing fatal injuries or illnesses is the main objective of critical care medicine. There may be various types of organ support systems needed by patients who are critically injured or ill to survive. In the intensive care unit or the ICU various equipments are fastened to the patient’s body.
People who have specialized in Critical care take care of them. There is 24 hour vigilance over the condition of the patient so as to ensure instantaneous intervention if there is any problem in the patient’s condition. There is a monitor attached to almost all patients which measures the breathing and heart rate of the patient. The staffs get alerted if they hear the beep of the monitor.
It does so only when there is a decrease in the normal range in the patient’s body functions. There may be tubes fastened to the patient’s body in the ICU. These may be inserted into their veins to administer the needed medicines into their body. These are required for the patient to recover. There may be tubes inserted into the nose and stomach of the patient too, which in order to prevent throwing out and gets rid of the gases from the stomach.
If the patient finds it hard to breath, mechanical ventilators are used to facilitate breathing by supplying oxygen to the patient’s lungs. Several problems and disorders like acute respiratory distress syndrome are treated by Critical care professionals. Here the lungs stop functioning abruptly. Infection of the lungs or illness may cause this condition.
Placing the patient in Mechanical ventilator would help the patient retrieve breathing. Trauma is also specialization of these doctors and the staff under them. Motor vehicle accidents and other types of incidents cause serious injuries to thousands of people. Intensive care for life support and further surgery are needed to make these patients survive.
People whose condition are critical and near death are treated by critical care specialists. If these doctors are not there to help they might die. Emergency care units in hospitals employ critical care to bring these patients to normal from the fatal conditions they are pushed into by accidents and illnesses. Intensive vigilance, life support, care of people with lethal diseases are done in the critical care area of the medical field.